Versatile Cold Spray (VCS) enables deposition of brittle materials, such as thermoelectrics, magnets, and insulators, while retaining their functional properties. Materials can be deposited on substrates or arbitrary shapes with no requirement to match compositions. The VCS system is low cost, easily portable, and easy to use.

VCS has been developed in a collaboration between Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and TTEC Thermoelectric Technologies (